Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare)

Although it may be hard to believe, the Pterophyllum scalare or Angelfish is a member of the cichlid family. Luckily, they are not as territorial or destructive as most of their relatives. For many people, Angelfish are instantly recognizable and in fact, are one of the oldest and most beloved species in the aquarium hobby. These elegant creatures have extremely elongated dorsal and anal fins and very laterally compressed bodies. They can reach a length of 6 inches and a height of 10 inches (including fins). Angelfish have been bred […] Read more »


Blue Acara Cichlid (Aequidens pulcher)

These are easy to breed cichlids that do well in a community aquarium with other fish of similar size. The Blue Acara requires an aquarium of at least 50-gallons, with a sandy bottom, rocks and plenty of hiding places among the rocks. Generally peaceful with other fish of similar size, but can get territorial during breeding time. To promote breeding, raise aquarium temperature to 78-82°F. Male and female will care for the young. The female will lay the eggs on a cleaned rock. They will spawn about every two weeks […] Read more »


Breeding Oscar Fish

When breeding them be aware that some times males can kill the female in typical cichlid fashion. Breeding Oscars is easy as long as the water is clean and you raise the temperature from the normal 25°C (77°F) to 28°C (80°F). The female will choose a flat rock to lay her eggs (about 1000 eggs) and the male will fertilize them. The opaque eggs will turn transparent in 24 hours and hatch after 2 or 3 days. Watching a pair of Oscar fish breeding is an experience that is both thrilling […] Read more »


Discus (Symphysodon aequifasciata)

Discus are among the most popular aquarium fish. Discus originate from a habitat of shaded water with branches and other dense cover and this habitat should be duplicated in the aquarium. Like the angelfish the shape of discus fishes is uncharacteristic of the family cichlidae, to which they belong. Discus fishes are for the specialist fishkeeper, as they require highly specific water conditions: water must be soft, slightly acidic, and filter through peat. The overall coloration of Discus will vary depending on mood and overall health of the fish. Becoming […] Read more »


Green Terror (Aequidens Rivulatus) Cichlid

  Like many other large cichlids the best way to achieve a healthy spawn is by getting a group of unrelated juveniles to grow from fry to adulthood (sexually mature) fish allowing them to – freely – pair off. The pair will breed in “open water” and usually spawn on a flat stone (remember this hint when aquascaping the tank). Water chemistry is of minor importance, however frequent water changes are a most to avoid hole in the head disease. Once a pair is formed they will easily spawn in […] Read more »


Managuense Cichlid (Parachromis managuense)

This South American Cichlid was named after legendary heavyweight: Jack Dempsey, although usually smaller than the average adult Oscar fish (8 in – 20 cm)this beautiful cichlid is considered by almost everyone the perfect match for our bully pet: The Red Oscar. Do to its aggressive behavior Oscars soon will learn no to mess with “Jack”. It’s not a good idea to have a couple of Dempseys unless you have a 6 feet long aquarium, the will become extremely territorial when breeding and will kill anything that does not stay outside […] Read more »

Apistogramma nijsseni - Male

Nijssens Dwarf (apistogramma nijsseni) Cichlid

Depending on the mood and condition of the fish, a number of dark vertical bands cross the body and a dark diagonal band reaches from the eye across the gill cover. On the best specimens, the dorsal fin is blue with a red and yellow edge, and the rounded edge of the tail is bright red. Females are less intensely colored. HABITAT: South America. Compatible: South American Cichlids of similar size, Loaches, Plecos, and scavenger Catfish. Aquarium Setup: 72-80°F; pH 6.5-8.0; dH 9-20 Diet: Omnivorous Size: 2 in (5 cm) Read more »


Oscar Fish – Astronotus Ocellatus

A very intelligent fish that can recognize its owner, the heavily built Oscar is an all-time favorite among aquarium hobbyists. Originally imported from South America, most Oscars for sale are now tank-bred. A large aquarium of at least 70 gallons is required to house a pair of Oscars. The Oscar fish has his own ideas on how to decorate what he considers his home (your aquarium!) he will grab any object including small rocks and plants (doesn’t care whether they are natural or artificial) and spit them out of the […] Read more »


Ram Cichlid (papiliochromis ramirezi)

Care should be taken with water qualities, as Rams are sensitive to water conditions and do not like changes in the chemical nature of their water. Best kept with similarly-sized fishes, Rams are non-aggressive Cichlids. They are quite difficult to breed, and as for cichlids, they make suprisingly poor parents. A pair will form when both fishes are between 1.5 to 2 inches in length and will spawn in the open (on a flattened rock, on the gravel, or on a large leaf) between 80-200 eggs. Often times one of […] Read more »