Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare)

Although it may be hard to believe, the Pterophyllum scalare or Angelfish is a member of the cichlid family. Luckily, they are not as territorial or destructive as most of their relatives. For many people, Angelfish are instantly recognizable and in fact, are one of the oldest and most beloved species in the aquarium hobby. These elegant creatures have extremely elongated dorsal and anal fins and very laterally compressed bodies. They can reach a length of 6 inches and a height of 10 inches (including fins). Angelfish have been bred […] Read more »


Aquarium Tips for Mixing African Cichlids

The following are important aspects to consider when mixing African cichlids: Water chemistry, diet, and aggression, the last one a familiar trait among cichlids. Originating from Malawi, Victoria and Tanganyika lakes, African cichlids have evolved to adapt to the different pH found in these waters. Lakes Malawi and Victoria share similar pH levels ranging from 7.4 to 8.6 and can be safely mixed. In contrast, lake Tanganyika has a pH ranging between 7.8 and 9.0 making it difficult to mix these two groups. In addition, avoid combining cichlids coming from […] Read more »


Bala Shark (Balantiocheilus melanopterus)

The Bala Shark is a sleek, beautiful fish that resembles a mini shark. They usually grow up to 13 inches. Balas Sharks are quite shy and will retreat from view when people approach the aquarium, if your aquarium size allows it try to keep at least 3 they do better in small groups. Do not be surprised if you hear strange noises at night coming from your tank, apparently they like to chat at night. They will eat almost anything you feed them. They prefer live foods, such as bloodworms, […] Read more »


Barbs, undemanding fish

Barbs are peaceful, lively and undemanding. They are a good addition to coldwater community aquariums, and can be mixed with tankmates of nearly any size. These active fish appreciate having plenty of swimming room. Barbs are generally peaceful, schooling fish, although some (e.g. Rosy barb, Tiger barb) are prone to be nippy. Any aggression is minimized by keeping them in a school of four to six fish, and they can then be mixed with most community fish. It is not recommended to mix most of the larger-sized barbs with timid, […] Read more »


Black Molly (Poecilia latipinna)

The Black Molly will be better placed in a tank of at least 30 gallons with lots of strong plants such as Java fern, Sagittaria, Vallisneria and Anubias. Clear water and regular supplies of vegetables are required for optimum development. Requires both meaty foods as well as algae. A separate well-planted tank is the best place for a female molly to give birth. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. With a gradual acclimation, these fish may be maintained in either a […] Read more »


Black Neon (Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi) Tetra

HABITAT: Rivers in Brazil. Compatible: Tetras, Rasboras, Danios, Dwarf Gouramis, Livebearers, Corydoras and small Plecos. Aquarium Setup: 72-77°F; pH 5.5-7.0; dH 10-12 Size: 1 3/4 in (4.5 cm) Diet: Omnivorous For detail information about Tetras refer to the articles below: Tetras, a happy school Tetra Care Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi (Black Neon Tetra) Read more »


Black Tetra (Gymnocorymbus ternetzi)

if not kept on large schools black tetras can display aggressive behaviors amongst themselves, chasing and nipping weaker fishes. A group of 6 or larger is recommended. Avoid mixing them with slow moving, long finned fish like male Betta splendens. For optimal health feed them every two weeks live foods like daphnia and mosquito larvae, and from frozen foods like blood worms. Reaching sexual maturity at about two years of age. They will spawn in water 78 degrees F. A separate spawning tank, heavily planted and at least 15 gallons, […] Read more »


Bleeding Heart Tetra (Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma)

The bleeding heart tetra is a hardy, peaceful, schooling species that should be kept in groups of six or more. It does extremely well when kept with other peaceful fishes, such as Megalamphodus, Corydoras and Nannostomus species. Bleeding heart tetras prefer a somewhat dark environment. They are best housed in a tank that contains several bunches of large plants (either live or plastic) in back and on the sides of the tank, with smaller plants in the front, leaving plenty of open space for swimming. A layer of floating plants […] Read more »


Boesemani Rainbow: a colorful centerpiece for any freshwater home aquarium

The colorful boesemani male has become a favorite among rainbow fans. Starting at the tail, a deep red-orange color grades into an iridescent purple-blue as it get closer to the head. The striking colors can be enhanced by providing a dark substrate, like black pebbles or gravel. A minimum 30 gallon planted tank is recommended to keep a school of one male and 5-6 females, easy to identify by their less colorful bodies. Mixed them with danios, rasboras, gouramis, livebearers and small plecos. On bigger tanks (e.a. 70 gallons) they […] Read more »