Gouramis are a popular breed of tropical fish often kept as pets. There are several different types of gouramis kept in aquariums including the banded or rainbow gouramis, blue or three spot gouramis, dwarf gouramis, kissing gouramis, pearl gouramis and moonlight gouramis.
Each variety has its own special charm, but they are all easy to feed and naturally friendly, so they usually have no problem sharing a tank with other fish.
These fish will eat practically anything, but they should be given a varied diet. Flakes, freeze dried foods and live foods tend to work quite well if they are small enough to fit into the fish’s mouths. The banded variety needs plenty of vegetable matter in its diet while the kissing variety can eat algae with small, sharp teeth. Not only are these fish easy to feed, but they also tend to be among the easiest fish to breed.
Even those who are beginners can breed gouramis. The males and females are easy to distinguish from each other since the males a slenderer body shape and more angular fins than the females. Only one male and female should be bred at a time in a special low water breeding tank with lots of vegetation. The male also needs large grained and loose gravel or pebbles to build the bubble nest where he tries to entice the female.
The female will also need a few hiding spaces to get away if the male becomes too aggressive. However, after spawning, she should be removed from the tank. The male tends to the eggs and fry keeping them safe in the nest. Once the fry hatch, they can be fed with infusoria and brine shrimp. Although you can mix gouramis, it is a good idea to have at least one male and one female of each variety.
These fish are very playful and energetic making them lots of fun to watch. However, males can become territorial when they are ready to breed. Still, they are usually very sociable, happiest in large shoals with plenty of hiding places, and can get along with any non-aggressive tank mate.