Like many other large cichlids the best way to achieve a healthy spawn is by getting a group of unrelated juveniles to grow from fry to adulthood (sexually mature) fish allowing them to – freely – pair off. The pair will breed in “open water” and usually spawn on a flat stone (remember this hint when aquascaping the tank). Water chemistry is of minor importance, however frequent water changes are a most to avoid hole in the head disease. Once a pair is formed they will easily spawn in hard or soft water and high or low pH. In this case they fish will show an excellent parental care and a single batch can include up to 400 fry (feed them on baby brine shrimp or fine flake food). The female will take (is said to do so, no direct experience) the dominant role in raising the fry.
HABITAT: Ecuador and Peru
Compatible: Discus, Angels and other New World Cichlids, Plecos, and other scavenger Catfish.
Aquarium Setup: 72ºF to 82ºF (20-24°C); pH 6.5 to 7.5
Size: 9 in (23 cm)