Pseudochromis, also called Dottybacks, are bold bright fishes that are very popular among marine aquarists due to their neon colors, small size, and ease of care. They live among the coral reefs and rocky formations in the warmer ocean waters around the world. Pseudochromis’ natural diet includes worms, crustaceans, and zooplankton. Most species grow to no more than 3 inches with the largest growing to 7 inches.

Neon Pseudochromis Tank

Neon Pseudochromis – Pseudochromis aldabraensis picture

In the home aquarium, Pseudochromis prove to be hardy fish and appreciate lots of rocks and caves which they will dart into at the first sign of danger. The tank should be securely covered to prevent them from leaping to “freedom.” Pseudochromis accept all types of food and should be fed a variety of high quality protein based foods such as mysis shrimp, brine shrimp, krill, etc.

Despite their little size, these fish are feisty; they will not tolerate their own kind or similar looking fishes in their domain, so it is best to house only one per tank (unless you have a extra large tank with a lot of rock structures to retreat to). They should not be kept with smaller timid fishes or with large predatory species.

Several species of Pseudochromis have been successfully bred in captivity but it is by no means easy to accomplish.

These fish are hermaphrodites and are able to change sex. Usually, males are larger and more colorful than females, though this may not always be the case.

Spawning takes place in a cave and after the eggs have been fertilized, the male will guard and care for them. About a week later the eggs hatch and the fry go through a delicate larval stage and require specialized food and care.

TankConditions: 72-78°F; sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4; dKH 8-12

Compatibility:Squirrelfish, Tangs and Surgeons, Live Corals, Live Rocks and Sand, Invertebrates.

Fridmani Pseudochromis

Pseudochromis fridmani
Species: Pseudochromis fridmani
Size: 3 in (7.5 cm)
Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Springeri Pseudochromis

Pseudochromis springerii
Species: Pseudochromis springerii
Size: 3 in (7.5 cm)
Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Blue Flavivertex Pseudochromis

Pseudochromis flavivertex
Species: Pseudochromis flavivertex
Size: 3 in (7.5 cm)
Temperament: Semi-aggressive

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