The Texas Cichlid, also known as Rio Grande requires a tank of at least 50 gallons, with a fine sand bottom. The plants should be hardy as they will burrow around them. This Cichlid is sensitive to water conditions and requires frequent changes of 1/4-1/2 of the water weekly. The females are less brightly colored and usually smaller than the males. Neutral water with soft to medium hardness, a pH of approximately 7.0, and temperatures of 77-82°F is recommended. Open breeders they require well-oxygenated water. Spawning on cleaned rocks, the female can lay up to 500 eggs. The fry are suspended from stones and guarded by both parents. The Texas Cichlid is not as diligent parent as some cichlids and may eat their spawn.
HABITAT: Mexico, also the USA south of Texas.
Compatible: Similar sized American Cichlids, some “Oddball fish” , Plecos, and Scavenger Catfish.
Aquarium setup: 68-75°F; pH 6.5-7.5; dH 5-12
Size: 12 in (30 cm)